Mac OSx – Openmtbmap Beginners Guide

In general I try to keep the installation on Mac OSx as simple as possible. And in general it's no more difficult compared to Windows. However some things might not be easy at the first time, so here comes an installation with screenshots for each step (mind I personally don't have a mac, so I took the screenshots from a remote computer running OS X 10.6.8 (Snow Leopard) and Basecamp v. 4.0.4.

This is a guide for Dummies, so it is quite long. You will actually find all of this very easy I hope and keep in mind, this guide is written for people who never used Garmin format maps on their Mac. If you have experience with other maps, You will only need to read through Step 1, Step 2 and Step 5. However you might find the general information at the end useful too.



So as a prerequisite get Basecamp 4.0.4 or newer from here:

This should include, Garmin MapManager for Mac, and Garmin MapInstall for Mac. We need all three programs installed to continue...

If they are not included in Basecamp download (seems to be the case lately) - get them from here:


If I talk about right-click, I mean secondary click. If you don't know how to do that on your Mac, google it up - you miss out on many features without it in general. In general it is done by  CTRL & Click if your mouse has no right click button.


1. Step - Download - then Unarchive Maps:

You will need Unarchiver (or any other unarchive program with support for lzma2 !) to unarchive your downloaded maps, Get unarchiver here:

During the setup, the settings page should popup, tick: "7-zip Archvie" - as shown below.



during install, also make sure that under "Extract archives to: Same folder as the archive" ---> Create a new folder for the extracted files:

either "Never" or "Only if there is more than one top-level item"  is selected.


Then just doubleclick on the mtbCOUNTRY_macosx.7z (in this example mtbtawain_macosx.7z). It will be extracted as mtbtaiwan.gmap.

extract with unarchiver


2. Step - Install the map:

Double Click on the unarchived download. It is called mtbCOUNTRY.gmap (COUNTRY standing for the country you downloaded).

Note on newer Mac OSx version doubleclick may not open MapManager - use right click instead - then select "open with Garmin MapManager".

Garmin MapManager


Now you will see MapManager pop up. Click on the blue button to continue. You will see the mapname again



Usually, but not always, once installed MapManager will popup - here you can see the full name of the map (in this case openmtbmap_taiwan_11.01.2013) and on the right site the place where it is installed to - this place is /Users/YOUR_USERNAME/Library/Application Support/Garmin/Maps/mtbtaiwan (taiwan in our example, germany would be mtbgermany, and so on). If we click on an entry, and then rightclick, we could uninstall a map from here. Also we can open the installation directory for any map from here - which is very useful and needed later on.

If it doesn't pop up, installation should have been successful too. Here you can see all your installed maps, and if you want to remove a map, open MapManager, right click on the map, and Remove/Uninstall it.

MapManager - Overview


In case of Problems:

If on clicking on mtbCOUNTRY.gmap (COUNTRY is a placeholder here for the name of the country - e.g. Germany or Taiwan) the package is opened in Finder (or your File explorer) - instead of MapManager popping up here is what to do:

First Try: Open Garmin MapManager, and find the mtbCOUNTRY.gmap folder you want to install - and open it from within Garmin MapManager! (see Prerequisites about Garmin MapManager installation)


Second Try: If installation from within Garmin MapManager should fail too (I don't know why it would) - you can move mtbCOUNTRY.gmap into the following folder: /Users/YOUR_USERNAME/Library/Application Support/Garmin/Maps/

Alternatively you can install them to: /Library/Application Support/Garmin/Maps/ (top level - not inside your user folder). Both Locations are perfectly fine - but best only use one of them for all of your maps. If you have the same country map in both locations - you are asking for trouble.

(also see the map manager Screenshot above - actually MapManager does nothing else than move the .gmap package (folder) for you - once it is placed there - it will be found by Basecamp).




3. Step: Use the map with Garmin Basecmap for Mac

When you startup Garmin Basecamp for Mac, it will show you the last installed map (or the map you last used Basecamp with). In our case - this is the map of Taiwan. Now you can zoom in and work with the map just like any other map. If it's your first time, best play around a bit and read the manual if you're unsure.



All maps support autorouting - I recommend you to use the "routing-function". It's the easiest and quickest way to create routes.

I recommend to set the profile to "Car" (German Auto) or "Bicycling" for best results - Read through here for understanding how the Openmtbmap works with Autorouting and which avoidances you should activate/deactivate.

- here you can see a quick sample route. After planning wit the Routing-Function, you can finetune the route using the Select Function and drag it around like on Google Maps.



If you want to switch between maps (this will only work if your have several maps installed) - make sure you got the MapSelector Tool in the Basecamp iconbar active, it is not active by default - here is how it looks - Globale Karte (third item from the left in the top list), you will have to get it from the toolbar menu with all items. I also recommend you to put the Routing-Function (here Routen-Funktion) from the very top right on the screenshot into your toolbuttons active all the time (I put it besides the map selector). You might also find the Track-Function very handy:

Map Selector


4. Step: Choose the layout of the Maps

The Openmtbmap currently comes with 6 different Map Layouts - unluckily this is not as easy to choose on Mac. But I tried to make the selection as easy as possible. Please read up which layout(s) best suit you here in the: Map Legend or on the Screenshots on Desktop or Screenshots from GPS

First - Open the installation folder. The place of installation you can find out with Garmin MapManager. It should be: /Users/YOUR_USERNAME/Library/Application Support/Garmin/Maps/mtbtaiwan.gmap (taiwan in our example, germany would be mtbgermany, and so on) - You can do so by Opening Garmin MapManager, and clicking onto "Show in Finder" (here Im Finder anzeigen)

MapManager - Overview


Then rightclick on the map (in this case mtbtaiwan.gmap): and choose "Show Package Content" - it should the third entry. In German on the example here it is "Paketinhalt zeigen".



Now the Map Package will open (note, that in principle any map package is just a simple folder, but Garmin MapManager makes you see it as a so called package - with Finder alternatives like MuCommander you can just open the map package, without right-click):

Here you see how the Mapinstallation folder looks like. In the "Layout Files" section - the different map layouts are saved. Open the folder Layout Files, then choose the desired Layout folder (e.g. Classic_Layout), go into it, and copy the typXX.TYP file. Go up again to the main folder (mtbtaiwan.gmap) and just paste it in, overwriting the old (in this case) typtw.TYP.

Map Installation Main Folder


Here is a quick overview about the folders inside Layout_Files:

a) Two folders to enable/disable showing the contourlines. "Integrate Contourlines"  with an Info.xml inside to enable the contourlines and "Remove_Contourlines with an Info.xml to disable the contourlines in the map. Just copy/paste the Info.xml from here to the main folder, i.e. mtbtaiwan.gmap and overwrite the Info.xml in there. by default the contourlines are active for all maps that have contourlines integrated and not in a separate download of course.

b) The map layout folders with a .TYP file inside. 

  • Classic_Layout (typical openmtbmap layout - optimized for high contrast and lots of information),
  • Easy_Layout (easy openmtbmap layout for mtbiking - for those who prefer a cleaner easier to understand map compared to classic layout)
  • Hiking_Layout,
  • Thin_Layout (based on Classic but thinner lines),
  • Wide_Layout (based on Classic but wider lines and streets)
  • Dekstop_Layout - low contrast for working with Basecamp.

The Velomap has the following layouts right now:

  • Dekstop_Layout - low contrast for working with Basecamp
  • Velo_Layout (typical velomap layout - optimized for high contrast and lots of information),
  • Race_Layout (high contrast for race cycling, only paved ways and streets are shown prominently)


So you copy the typXX.TYP and then paste it inot the main map folder - i.e mtbtaiwan.gmap, then you have the new layout activated. Note, you must no have Basecamp open at the same time, else the file is locked and cannot be overwritten!

Here I'm copying typtw.TYP from the Classic_Layout.

Map Installation Main Folder


Now Going back up to "mtbtaiwan.gmap" (or mtbCOUNTRY.gmap) and pasting the .TYP

Map Installation Main Folder


and finally confirming the overwriting - that's it. Once you've done it once, it's easy.

Confirm Replain .TYP



5. Step: Send the Map to your GPS using Garmin MapInstall

NOTE: on Old GPS all maps have to be sent at once. And can then be activated/deactivated via Menu on your GPS. (old GPS e.g. Vista HCx, GpsMaps 60 CSx). On new generation GPS (e.g. Dakota, Oregon, edge 800, GpsMaps 62, Montana), you can send the maps one at a time as you like.

Make sure you connected your Garmin, or put the memory card into a cardreader on your Mac (that is what I recommend on older devices - as they have very slow USB 1.1 connection so sending maps takes a long time). If not it will look like this - with the selector empty so you cannot continue:

So here we go:


We choose the region not by left clicking into it, but by dragging the mouse over the region we want - while holding the left mouse button (else you miss the contourlines)!

Confirm Replain .TYP

I selected a second map, by choosing another map on the MapSelector in the image above, and also choosing the region I want. Note that you shouldn't overload your GPS device with maps. I recommend max 2GB for old Garmin GPS, and 4-6 GB of Maps maximum for new generation Garmin GPS devices. Note also there is a limit of 2048 or 4096 maptiles depending on your GPS device. If you put too many maps onto it, then starting the device will be slow, and using the search function will be slow too.


Then I click on "Send Maps" (Karten senden) and MapInstall asks for Confirmation - showing me what will be installed - which we confirm again:

Confirm Replain .TYP


And we can go and have a coffe while the maps are sent (depends on the size of the map, how long it takes). Especially on older GPS - best send the maps to the micro-SD Card that you use with it, and put that micro-SD Card into a cardreader on your Mac, so it sends much faster (old Garmin GPS units only have USB 1.1)

Garmin MapInstall



General information about he Openmtbmaps and using them

Using the maps on your GPS

Please read through the following three topics:

howto-setup-your-gps/ and autorouting/




Participate in Openstreetmap and help to make the maps better:

The Openmtbmaps are based on Openstreetmap, hence you can help to improve the map data!




Activating 2d view in Basecamp:

The 3D view is confusing to many users, and slower than the 2D view - I advise you to switch to 2D view in general using Basecamp:

Garmin MapInstall


150 comments to Mac OSx – Openmtbmap Beginners Guide

  • komich

    Hi Carver –

    ich hab die mtbeurope-Daten verarbeitet und bin nun dabei hängen geblieben, dass ich die Datei »mtbeurope.gmap« nicht als Ordner darstellen und öffnen kann um das Karten-Paket hinzu zu fügen. In RoadTrip und BaseCamp wird eine leere Karte dargestellt.
    Wo liegt hier der Haken?

    • extremecarver

      Rechtklick und dann “Paket öffnen” – dann solltest du reinkommen.

      • komich

        Danke für den raschen Tipp (am MacBook ist das die ctrl+click-Kombination), das hat funktioniert. Doch im mtbeurope.files-Paket (ich nehme an, da sollte ein Ordner mit Höhenlinien-Dateien – mtbeurope_contours – sein) sind ausschließlich 6*-Dateien. Diese habe ich in den Product1-Ordner verschoben und info.xml Datei nach Vorgabe ersetzt. Die 7*-Dateien kann ich nicht finden – kannst mir bitte nochmal helfen?

        Übrigens: Als Test habe ich die mtbaustria installiert und das hat super funktioniert, auch am Garmin 810!

  • ballarinic

    Italian map work properly on BaseCamp. Please let me know if have any idea for the European…

    • extremecarver

      Hi Hallarinic – have a look at how the Italian map is installed (or better how it is placed in the directory) – the European map should be installed the same way – maybe however also it’s just the cache of empty files holding you back (if you placed the 6* files correctly) – then just zoom in deeply/pan around to wait for the cache to rebuild (or disable/enable details to delete the cache).

  • ballarinic

    Hello, I still have problems, I wrote you some days ago. Mac user/Garmin 820.
    So now situation is the following. I’ve downloaded: mtbeurope_macosx.7z and mtbeuropefile.7z (MD5). I’ve add europefile folders files (655*) on folder “product 1”. Than loaded maps with Garmin MapManager. But anyhow when I open BaseCamp I’ve no details on the map, why?
    I’ve roden your MacTutorials but I’can stil understand where is the mistake.
    I’ve not downloaded the contourlines because you said for the moment are not working with 820.
    Now I’m trying to download the Italian map (that are the one that I’m interested in) and will see what happen…
    Thank you for your reply!

  • Jufi4141

    Ich ab auf meinem Edge 800 versucht mit MapInstaller f. MacOS die Canary-Karte zu installieren. Leider findet der Edge 800 aber keine Karte sondern auf der SD-Karte nur einen Ordner GARMIN mit einem File gmapsupp.img (und außerhalb dem Ordner eine Datei ld.txt)
    Wie kann ich die Karte aktivieren?
    Danke vorab für die Hilfe!

    • Jufi4141

      Hallo! Ist hier jemand?
      Ich komm mit meiner Installation nicht weiter. In BaseCamp sehe ich ja die Karte, aber auf dem Edge 800 ist nichts sichtbar. Ich brauche dringend Hilfe! Ich bin bald zum Biken auf den Kanaren und würde mich gern orientieren!

      • extremecarver

        das ist eigentlich korrekt so – kannst du mal im GPS Simulationsmodus dahingehen – bzw schick einen Wegpunkt/Route im kartenbereich mit – und rufe den dann auf. Dann siehst du sofort ob die karte angezeigt wird/funktioniert oder nicht.
        Ansonsten – normalerweise sollte auch wenn du in Basecamp das Edge 800 per USB anhängst – klar ersichtlich sein ob die karte drauf ist oder nicht.

        ein Problem gäbe es noch – du hast die SD karte falsch formatiert! Stelle sicher dass es eine SD/SDHC ist (und keine SDXC – sprich ab 32GB wäre das möglich) – und dass sie FAT32 formatiert ist. Evtl nutze die formatierfunktion aus dem edge 800 per Menu wenn du sie findest – evtl kann der edge 800 die Karte nicht lesen. Danach nochmal neu senden – mit dem formatieren löschst du ja alles auf der SD karte.

  • laccoro

    Hello, sorry if already discussed, but German is problematic and automatic translation does not help.
    Just downloaded mtbitaly_macosx and installed on BaseCamp.
    As you can see, with every TYP loaded is a mess (I can upload here 3 images, but every other screenshot is the same).
    md5 is fine, and I closed/launched BaseCamp at every switch.
    As a check, I recovered the original TYP files from mtbitaly_macosx.7z and replaced one by one in the proper directory, but nothing changed.
    Any suggestion?

    MacOS 10.10.5
    BaseCamp 4.6.3
    Various maps installed, no problems.

    • laccoro

      No need to answer, I’ve found by myself the solution, but maybe it would be appropriate to change the installation procedure of the .TYP files shown on this page for Mac users: at least, for my configuration, it does not work.

      Referring to :
      “4. Step: Choose the layout of the Maps

      First – Open the installation folder. …”

      the key is not to work inside the .gmap already installed by Garmin Mapinstall, but before, straight to the .gmap just unpacked from the .7z file.
      In this way the chosen layout works properly without interference.
      It’s a little bit longer, but the exchange of .TYP files procedure is the same, and the installation/uninstallation with Garmin MapInstall / Garmin MapManager is very fast.

      Of course, all of the above described with:
      -always BaseCamp closed
      -no duplicates FID


      • extremecarver

        the problem is the cache. I will need to add some lines on how to delete the cache. Need to find out the key combination for OSX again – usually also clicking “show details” twice in menu should solve it.

  • saucerful

    ich hab mich nun fleissig durch alle tutporials durchgelesen, komme dennoch nicht auf die lösung. der fehler wird wohl offensichtlich und trivial sein. aber ich find ihn einfach nicht! (= nach dem download einer map (japan, lichtenstein) öffne ich die wie beschrieben mit dem unarchiver (hab einen mac). aber leider erscheint nach dem entpacken ein “normaler” ordner. dieser hat zwar den schönen dateinamen “mtbjapan.gmap” aber leider ist es eben ein ornder und keine gmap.datei, die ich mit doppelklick in den mapinstaller transferieren könnte. der inhalt des ordners ist wie von dir beschrieben, wenn man “ordner inhalt anzeigen” klicktz. aber auch da fehlt natürlich eine .gmap datei. hast du sowas schon mal erlebt? rsp. hast du eine idee, was ich falsch mache??

  • crisotop


    mein Edge 800 bootet nicht wenn ich einen größeren Ausschnitt der Europakarte überspiele. Einzelkarten (Österreich, Alpen, etc.) funktionieren allerdings immer ohne Probleme, woran könnte das liegen?


  • flashracer63

    habe Basecamp und die Karte von deiner Seite installiert. In Basecamp werden aber nur Autobahnen und Bundesstraßen angezeigt. (siehe Screenshot) Was mache ich falsch?

    • extremecarver

      Ich nehm an es ist die Europakarte? Die ist etwas komplizierter zum installieren – du hast hier wohl vergessen die mtbeuropefile.7z zu entpacken und zu verschieben – sie Punkt 2ab) im Tutorial hier.. Installiere einfach mal die Deutschland karte zuerst um zu schauen ob alles passt.

      • flashracer63

        Besten Dank für die schnelle Antwort und die viele Mühe, aber das ist einfach zu kompliziert. Mein Gpsmap64s habe ich jetzt auch wieder zurückgeschickt, denn es fehlen gute Anleitungen oder man kauft ein Buch, weil die Bedienungsanleitung so extrem knapp ist. Man muss also Spezialist werden (Dabei habe ich in meinem Leben schon einiges an Win- und Macrechnern administriert, Wlan-Router eingerichtet etc. etc…) oder viel Geld in Karten investieren, in der Hoffnung, dass sie funkionieren. Garmin ist da auf einem vorsintflutlichen Stand, was die Usability angeht. Ich regel meine Sachen jetzt mit Smartphone und c:geo bzw. Locus. Die Genauigkeit des GPS und die Akkulaufzeiten bei meinem Oneplus One sind tadellos. Das reicht für rund 7 Sunden und ist alles viel schneller und übersichtlicher, eben smarter.

        Einen guten Rutsch und ein gesundes und erfolgreiches 2017!!!
        Herzliche Grüße von der Hessischen Bergstraße

  • Deihlos

    Vielen Dank für die Antwort. Wie entferne ich die Karten die ich nicht brauche, in welchem Ordner befinden sich die ganzen Karten? Ich kann nämlich die Karten nicht mehr zu ordnen welche die original Garmin ist und welche die openmtbbw ist?

    • Deihlos

      Anbei noch die Karten. Ist mein erster Garmin deswegen kenn ich mich noch nicht so aus. Vielen Dank.


    • extremecarver

      Das solltest du im Map Manager sehen können. Ansonsten ist das am Gerät wirklich nicht mehr erkennbar – seitdem Garmin die meisten Karten unter gmapsupp.img reintut. Das könntest du mal ausschneiden oder Dateiendung umbennen (aber nicht mit Finder – der ändert die evtl nicht korrekt – da müsstest du ausschneiden und wo anders mal zwischenspreichern). Die anderen Namen sind Spezialkarten und waren vorinstalliert.

  • Deihlos


    habe dass Problem, dass seit ich die openmtbbadenwürttemberg über Garmin mapinstall installiert habe stürzt mein neuer Garmin edge 820 ab und startet nicht mehr neu. Woran kann das liegen wie kann ich das Problem beheben? Vielen Dank für die Hilfe. Grüße.

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